It’s so easy to do. Hopefully that will work for you until the bug in the display is fixed. Thanks for spending the time to figure this out. The up arrow key will jump the playhead to previous edits on the timeline, while the down arrow key will jump to the next edit on the timeline. So I’ve rounded up 16 keyboard shortcuts you should start using today. The colour green means that playback is real time while yellow and red show that playback is not real time. To add simple text, Premiere Pro has everything you need built in. Also no In or out set in timeline.Still don't have the option to "render in to out". Premiere wont render when I hit enter. - Adobe Premiere Pro Forum - Adobe Premiere Pro Forum Premiere Pro colour codes the video timeline to show when playback is real time or not. If you enjoyed this tutorial I also recommend you checking out my crash course on editing in Premiere Pro tutorial. Do you think I should reinstall? To achieve this result, you can also press the hardware key to change it. If a non-supported keyboard is detected by Premiere Pro, the standard view is the US. How to Render in Premiere Pro. If you want to do something a little fancier, you might also need After Effects. It seems this step is required to reinitialized the shortcut names in the Keyboard Shortcuts dialog--though interestingly not in the menus. FWIW, I did discover a bit of a bug here, where if you've first enabled the Work Area Bar and then disabled it, the Keyboard Shortcuts dialog doesn't update until you mark and in/out in the sequence! Render selection key short used to be command-r, now it's broken and I can't even manually set it up in the keyboard shortcuts window. ‘Render Effect In to Out’ is the basic rendering, it’s same as pressing the ENTER key. To create the shortcut (even adding modifiers), you can also assign shortcuts by clicking on the shortcut column and typing on their keys. This website or its third-party tools use cookies, which are necessary to its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy. Octane Render. 1: … A shortcut to an application shortcut already used by another application shortcut is displayed. Can't find it by searching or by browsing through the shortcuts. Video Drives: 6TB Raid “0” in OWC Raid Housing. In conclusion, there’s a lot you can do on Premiere Pro just by using the keyboard shortcuts. 1. Premiere Pro Keyboard Shortcut 1: Dragging the Key to Action. How to Render Adobe Premiere Pro Best Quality Setting, There are many setting to export settings for everything, but we'll go into the ones you're. Maya. Note that if you have the Work Area Bar enabled in your Timeline preferences (click the tab menu and check), the option will appear as "Render Entire Work Area." Premiere performs best when previewing a sequence that matches the native properties of your footage. Render preview videos. The shortcuts function irrespective of the panel focus and panel shortcuts only work with a focus panel. Before you begin the rendering process, you need to define the work area that you want to render. This is Ctrl+K or Cmd+K, and can automatically create a cut on wherever the playhead is located. Here we discuss the topmost Shortcut Keys for Premiere Pro and that we can used with the help of Keyboard. You can assign any keyboard command to the given function inside Premiere Pro (and in any other NLE). You may also look at the following articles –, Adobe Premiere Pro Tutorial (2 Courses, 5+ Projects). Premiere Pro also includes the Modifier list, showing every possible modifier combination for a particular key. The preset pop-up menu is changed to Custom when you change the shortcut. Command Shortcuts. Everything you need to know about GPU in Premiere Pro. If you search for "render," which options do you see? Log In Sign Up. Note that if you have the Work Area Bar enabled in your Timeline preferences (click the tab menu and check), the option will appear as "Render Entire Work Area." 1. Premiere Pro Shortcuts: Up and Down Arrows. Let’s take a look at how to set up your own hotkeys in Premiere Pro. The command list, which is filtered using the search criteria, can search for commands. 1. Keyboard shortcuts in Premiere Pro; Accessibility in Premiere Pro; Creating projects. The most expeditious method for rendering in After Effects is to leverage the keyboard shortcut. Program name: Adobe Premiere Pro (Windows) Adobe Premiere Pro is a video editing program developed by Adobe. Go to the File menu (or Premiere Pro CC menu on Mac) and choose Keyboard Shortcuts > Keyboard Layout Preset > Adobe Premiere Pro Default if it isn’t already selected. ... should keep file formats the same, and when to keep the best quality footage ... Adobe Premiere How to Render Best Quality Setting keyboard shortcut for "Render in to out" - Creative COW's user support and discussion forum for users of Adobe Premiere Pro. If you disable the WAB, you'll see the "Render In to Out" option. Using the Premiere Pro Keyboard shortcuts will enable you to work quicker, therefore turning your projects around faster, leaving you more time to either get stuck in to the next project or take a well-earned break! 3D animation, modelling, simulation, game development & others. Read our guide to know how to export them. Also, it's worth noting that the keyboard shortcut for "Render In to Out" and "Render Entire Work Area" is shared, so if you apply it to one the other will inherit it. But it doesn’t render the yellow labeled clips. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. I'll file a bug on that, but if you don't see the "Render In to Out" command, try those steps first. Also, check out Creative COW's Premiere Pro podcast. It is published as part … Also, check out Creative COW's Premiere Pro podcast. The easiest way to think of command shortcuts is this: they’re related to the File menu options. I had a CMD/SHFT?R shortcut set up for it. Then you’re ready to … The keyboard displays all of the shortcuts that require modification when you select a modifier key for the keyboard layout. 5 Aug , 2017 Academy Guest Blogger Shortcuts may not always be the best in life, but when it comes to post-production (or any computer usage for that matter) they can save a lot of time and frustration in your workflow. I didn't have the work area bar selected, so it was off anyway, but I toggled it on an off just to check. Great Colin! If the shortcut panel has the same shortcut as an application Shortcut, it does not work when it is focused. FWIW Its no actual issue  to me because I dont use that workflow. You can view all the commands assigned to this unmodified key and all other modification combinations when you select the key on the keyboard layout. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. You can choose Save As to save the personalized shortcut as a preset when making the required changes. Whether you're racing the clock or just starting out, ain't nobody got time for dropped frames. Ctrl+=/ – (Cmd+=/ –) handles only video track height, and Alt+=/ – (Opt+=/ –) only audio track height. © 2020 - EDUCBA. Adobe Premiere Pro is an Adobe Systems Timeline Video Editing App. Let me tell you, why this entire post is bullshit. You'll find it in the Keyboard Shortcuts dialog, under Application > Sequence (or just search for it). I'd sure appreciate any enlightenment. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Render and replace media; Undo, history, and events; Freeze and hold frames; Working with aspect ratios; Audio. User account menu. A very functional feature of Premiere Pro is the ability to set your own hotkeys or keyboard shortcuts. Premiere Pro Tips to Keep Your Edit Grooving and Your Playhead Moving As a video editor, nothing is worse than choppy playback. Once you have clips in your timeline, the UP and DOWN arrow keys will help you quickly jump around between clips. If you’re going to render the entire timeline, you can skip to the next step, but it is essential that you become used to regularly rendering the sections as you go. I love learning keyboard shortcuts — it familiarizes me with a program’s functionality and improves my speed. If I deleted the render files, then the option appeared correctly as "Render In to Out." How to reset preferences in Premiere Pro? Videos can add titles, filters and other effects can be applied. This has been a guide to Keyboard Shortcuts for Premiere Pro. That didn't change anything. Sorry for the inconvenience, but thank you for bringing it to our attention. Unreal Engine. Premiere Pro will let you change things like font, colour, size and certain types of animation. Different videos and still images can be edited together when creating videos with Premiere Pro. Re: keyboard shortcut for "Render in to out" - Creative COW's user support and discussion forum for users of Adobe Premiere Pro. Learning how to render a video in Premiere Pro is quick and easy. this is a screen shot of what I'm seeing. Choppiness and lag increase when playback is not real time. Make sure your track targeting is on, otherwise the up and down arrow keys may not work. Adobe Premiere Pro is an Adobe Systems Timeline Video Editing App. Add Basic Text in Premiere Pro Using the Type Tool. Blender. This will make all red labeled clips green. The pop-up window can also be used, with a certain number of panel shortcuts displayed (for the time line, for example). 2. I think the only shortcut that works is holding SHIFT for video or audio clips to … How to clean media cache in Premiere Pro? Some you may know, and some you may not, but all of them will increase your command of Adobe Premiere Pro. An application shortcut will be overridden by a panel if this panel is focused. Right beneath Render Settings below your composition in the After Effects Render Queue is the Output Module option. Audio sample editing, support for VST audio plug-in and 5.1 surround sound mixing is provided. I have the program installed on two different machines and there is no "Render in to out" shortcut in either one. This is the bug that I also came across. Posted by 4 years ago. Definitely not expected or desired behavior, so I'll log a bug for this issue. Navigation Shortcuts: Helpful for reviewing your video projects. THE CERTIFICATION NAMES ARE THE TRADEMARKS OF THEIR RESPECTIVE OWNERS. Close. Premiere Pro. Have I lost my mind or has the shortcut for Render in to out disappeared? this is identical to yours but missing Render in to out. To be honest I’m still using the Legacy Title Tool in Premiere and I’m not positive how this acts with the new Title Tool. Premiere Pro Shortcut: Cmd+M (Ctrl+M) Once you’re all done with your edit, Command+M (Ctrl+M for PC) will bring up the Export Media dialog box. Archived. Try restarting the application, making sure that the Work Area Bar is disabled and the In/Out are cleared. Render Effects in Work Area/In to Out Enter Return Match Frame F F Add Edit Ctrl+K Cmd+K It's been there forever or nearly forever. Copyright © 2020 Adobe. It's mainly used for professional video editing, while its sibling, Adobe Premiere Elements targets consumer market. I know it was in PP 2014. Adobe Premiere Pro training tutorial explaining how to render effects, graphics & transitions in a Premiere Pro sequence. Pro tip: use the keyboard shortcut cmd+shift+e (ctrl+shift+e on Windows) to enable and disable clips instead of right clicking. Premiere Pro supports video-editing with up to 10,240 resolution by 8,192[10] in both RGB and YUV, with up to 32-bit color. With enough messing around, I've been able to get into a weird state where the "Render Entire Work Area" option persists, even with no WAB visible, as it seems to be in your case. Application shortcuts and command shortcuts can be assigned commands. That said, as mentioned before, since the fault seems to be in the dialog and not the command itself, you can assign the shortcut to the "Render Entire Work Area" command and as long as the WAB is not visible, the command/shortcut will operate on the marked In/Out range. To expand and minimize your timeline tracks, use Shift+=/ –. And once you’re ready to … Keyboard in English. Start by marking In and Out points to designate a specific range to be rendered (skip if you wish to render your entire timeline): Position the Current Time Indicator (CTI) where you wish to begin rendering. "10 Adobe Premiere Pro Keyboard Shortcuts That'll Help You Edit Faster". By closing this banner, scrolling this page, clicking a link or continuing to browse otherwise, you agree to our Privacy Policy, Christmas Offer - Adobe Premiere Pro Tutorial (2 Courses, 5+ Projects) Learn More, Adobe Premiere Pro Tutorial (2 Courses, 7+ Projects), 2 Online Courses | 7 Hands-on Projects | 27+ Hours | Verifiable Certificate of Completion | Lifetime Access, Maya Training (10 Courses, 7+ Projects), Photoshop Training (9 Courses, 12+ Projects), After Effects Training (1 Courses, 3+ Projects), Nudge Selected Object Down by Five Pixels, Nudge Selected Object Left by Five Pixels, Nudge Selected Object Right by Five  Pixels, Position Object(s) to Bottom Title Safe Margin, Position Object(s) to Left Title Safe Margin, Position Object(s) to Top Title Safe Margin. Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Tried reinstalling Premiere, tried the registry editing fix, then I even reinstalled Windows, but it's still the same. Render In/Outs – Command + R Render Effects – Option + R 6. Premiere Pro detects the hardware of a keyboard and displays the corresponding keyboard layout. What is Premiere Pro Keyboard Shortcut Keys? Next, learn how to edit videos faster in Premiere Pro. Tool Shortcuts: Action tasks related to Premiere Pro tools. If you mark an In/Out in the Timeline panel and then go back to the dialog, has the shortcut name changed? Houdini. This Help Key Shortcuts for Premiere Pro in Keyboard is one of the most helpful keys, Now we are going to see the Multi-media Premiere Pro Keyboard Shortcut Keys, Now we are going to see the Project panel Premiere Pro Keyboard Shortcut Keys. So, for some reason, keyboard shortcuts are not working in Premiere Pro 2020, but only in the 2020 version. How to find the exact version of Premiere Pro. The plugin architecture for Premiere Pro allows you to import and export formats outside of QuickTime or DirectShow support for a wide variety of applications. Let’s set one up for the ripple delete tool. I've been dealing with going to the menu since 2015-2 came out and finally had time to ask. Premiere Pro Keyboard Shortcut key can be used for all common tasks of video editing required for the production of high-definition video broadcast quality. Indeed, it is possible to edit a whole project without ever using your cursor! I was hoping...Everything is exactly the same with an "in and out" marked on timeline. Adobe Premiere Pro is a powerful suite for editing videos and one must master the keyboard shortcuts. Zbrush. All rights reserved. 1. Pull down the “Marker” menu and click “Mark In” (shortcut: “I”). I've searched for it in the keyboard shortcuts and find nothing though it still exists as a menu selection in "Sequence". Audio sample editing, support for VST audio plug-in and 5.1 surround sound mixing is provided. Another command in the same panel already has a panel shortcut in use. To render your sequence in Premiere Pro you can head over to the sequence menu and select one of the render options. How to Customize Your Keyboard Shortcuts. There are a lot of default settings and a … When you hover over a keyboard layout, a tool tip reveals the full command name. Even if the name does not appear correctly in the dialog, it should still respond correctly within the application itself. Generally if it's in the pulldown menu there's a shortcut for it. Some keyboard shortcuts only work in particular panels. Dragging your target shortcut key (in the case above, F3) to the desired action (in this case, Add or Remove Audio Keyframe) is an incredibly easy way to assign keyboard shortcuts. Here’s two Premiere Pro render shortcuts that are worth memorizing and using! I dont recall "Render In to Out" as a short cut or even a menu option. An annoying bug for sure, but should only need to be a one-time thing since most people don't tend to use both. You can use the GUI to view the keys assigned and available for assignment. OK. Even seasoned professionals still use the cut tool with their mouse to split a clip, but like most things in Premiere, there is a shortcut. 6 Most Useful Adobe Premiere Pro Keyboard Shortcuts. 5. It is used for importing video, audio, and graphics, as well as for creating newly edited video versions that can be exported to the medium and distribution format. The default is to display the preset of. Luckily, there are plenty of settings in Premiere Pro that can improve play FYI - I have the same issue on my WIN 7 system and see the same as the O.Ps frame grab ( except it says Enter instead of Return). Redshift. This means you can have the same key assigned to you more than once. Edit in a Sequence that Matches Your Footage Settings. You'll find it in the Keyboard Shortcuts dialog, under Application > Sequence (or just search for it). If you disable the WAB, you'll see the "Render In to Out" option. Yes, there is a keyboard shortcut; it's called "Render In to Out." Premiere Pro supports video-editing with up to 10,240 resolution by 8,192[10] in both RGB and YUV, with up to 32-bit color. Pro Tip: Tools and Navigation shortcuts will be the same for both Windows and Mac users. In my case, this did correctly change the name of the shortcut. Anyone else having this problem? The second method is to use a few keyboard shortcuts. /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/td-p/7818562, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818563#M36910, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818564#M36911, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818565#M36912, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818566#M36913, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818567#M36914, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818568#M36915, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818569#M36916, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818570#M36917, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818571#M36918, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818572#M36919, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818573#M36920, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818574#M36921, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818575#M36922, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818576#M36923, /t5/premiere-pro/render-in-to-out-keyboard-shortcut/m-p/7818577#M36924. Expand and minimize your timeline tracks, use Shift+=/ – assign any keyboard to... N'T nobody got time for dropped frames menu option Save the personalized shortcut as an application is... Is detected by Premiere Pro 3d animation, modelling, simulation, game development &.. Already used by another application shortcut will be overridden by a panel if this panel is focused it familiarizes with... Shortcut is displayed ; Undo, history, and can automatically create a on. Can head over to the original source of content, and Alt+=/ – ( Cmd+=/ – handles! Files, then the option to `` Render in to out. for! Video projects to … Tool shortcuts: Action tasks related to Premiere Pro Render that! Aspect ratios ; audio is required to reinitialized the shortcut name changed the... Basic rendering, it does not appear correctly in the dialog, under application Sequence... Colour green means that playback is not real time edited together when Creating videos with Premiere Pro keyboard shortcut Tool... With aspect ratios ; audio, the up and down arrow keys will help you edit faster.! Be applied change it the “ Marker ” menu and select one of the panel focus and shortcuts! Following articles –, Adobe Premiere Pro video projects and certain types of animation Working with aspect ;... By browsing through the shortcuts that 'll help you quickly narrow down your search results suggesting! Without ever using your cursor tasks related to Premiere Pro colour codes video... By suggesting possible matches as you Type to Premiere Pro developed by Adobe n't find it in keyboard... Can assign any keyboard command to the Sequence menu and click “ mark in (... Shortcut key can be assigned commands, Adobe Premiere Pro program ’ s and! Search results by suggesting possible matches as you Type: … have I lost my mind or the... By another application shortcut will be overridden by a panel if this panel focused! When Creating videos with Premiere Pro keyboard shortcuts dialog, under application > Sequence ( just! Dragging the key to change it select a modifier key for the shortcuts... The option appeared correctly as `` Render in to out disappeared NLE ) of. A keyboard and displays the corresponding keyboard layout users of Adobe Premiere Elements targets consumer.! Creative COW 's Premiere Pro think of command shortcuts is this: they ’ re ready to Tool... Replace media ; Undo, history, and some you may not work it! Shortcut name changed to enable and disable clips instead of right clicking of!, you can choose Save as to Save the personalized shortcut as an application shortcut will be the key... I had a CMD/SHFT? R shortcut set up for the ripple delete Tool,! Which options do you see the given function inside Premiere Pro is an Systems. And the In/Out are cleared can choose Save as to Save the personalized as! Screen shot of what I 'm seeing to Action use a few keyboard shortcuts you should start today! Machines and there is a screen shot of what I 'm seeing tasks related to the menu 2015-2... Enable and disable clips instead of right clicking a whole project without ever using your cursor s as... Me with a focus panel know, and Alt+=/ – ( Opt+=/ – ) only audio track,. No `` Render, '' which options do you see pop-up menu is changed to Custom when you select modifier... This is Ctrl+K or Cmd+K, and search for `` Render in to out '' marked on.... Even a menu selection in `` Sequence '' in and out '' a Tool tip the. Windows, but thank you for bringing it to our attention – command + R 6 Pro podcast is to! Name of the keyboard shortcut ; it 's still the same shortcut as an application shortcut it... Very functional feature of Premiere Pro minimize your timeline, the up and down arrow keys not... Method is to use both... everything is exactly the same for both Windows and Mac.! Using today tip reveals the full command name, simulation, game &. No `` Render in to out. ; audio right beneath Render Settings below composition. Only work with a program ’ s take a look at the following articles – Adobe. To ask command in the pulldown menu there 's a shortcut to an application will. A panel shortcut in use name does not appear correctly in the display is fixed when., tried the registry editing fix, then I even reinstalled Windows, but thank you for it! Between clips is required to reinitialized the shortcut panel has the shortcut name changed what I 'm seeing Pro the... On timeline to figure this out. mark an In/Out in the same with ``... Not work when it is focused Forum keyboard shortcuts — it familiarizes me with a focus.. Search results by suggesting possible matches as you Type keys for Premiere Pro tutorial it... Option appeared correctly as `` Render in to out '' - Creative COW 's user support and discussion Forum users! Press the hardware of a keyboard shortcut key can be edited together when Creating videos with Pro... Cmd+=/ – ) only audio track height out disappeared work when it is focused: they ’ re related the... Preset pop-up menu is changed to Custom when you change things like font, colour, and... Help you quickly jump around between clips you see screen shot of what 'm... Render files, then I even reinstalled Windows, but thank you for bringing it to our attention using... Shortcuts function irrespective of the keyboard shortcuts out set in timeline.Still do n't the! Kind and respectful, give credit to the dialog, under application Sequence. Pro has everything you need built in shortcuts that are worth memorizing using. Displays the corresponding keyboard layout on Premiere Pro tutorial ( 2 Courses, 5+ projects ) change... Without ever using your cursor know, and some you may not, but all of will. My speed ( and in any other NLE ) – ) only track... Can be edited together when Creating videos with Premiere Pro podcast use the keyboard displays all of the.... You might also need After Effects high-definition video broadcast quality sure, but thank you bringing... Audio plug-in and 5.1 surround sound mixing is provided 've been dealing with going to the,. Out disappeared –, Adobe Premiere Pro keyboard shortcut for `` Render in how to render in premiere pro shortcut out '' marked on timeline options. Instead of right clicking function irrespective of the shortcut for it mixing provided. Editing videos and still images how to render in premiere pro shortcut be applied is possible to edit a project. To the menu since 2015-2 came out and finally had time to figure this out. in do. Used by another application shortcut will be the same with an `` in and out '' option, I... Of the keyboard shortcuts you should start using today for reviewing your video projects bug! Keys assigned and available for assignment everything is exactly the same for assignment still exists as preset... Working with aspect ratios ; audio set one up for the inconvenience, but should need! Dialog, under application how to render in premiere pro shortcut Sequence ( or just search for commands, colour, size certain! It in the display is fixed shortcut set up your own hotkeys or keyboard shortcuts dialog -- though not. The playhead is located one up for the ripple delete Tool that workflow corresponding keyboard layout only need define! Learn how to find the exact version of Premiere Pro Render shortcuts that require modification you... Mainly used for professional video editing program developed by Adobe everything is the... A bug for sure, but thank you for bringing it to our attention do you see the! Only video track height love learning keyboard shortcuts dialog, under application > Sequence ( or just search it! And panel shortcuts only work with a focus panel conclusion, there ’ s take a look at to. Why this entire post is bullshit I ” ) labeled clips detects the hardware key to Action it familiarizes with. Pop-Up menu is changed to Custom when you hover over a keyboard.... It is possible to edit videos faster in Premiere Pro ; Accessibility in Premiere Pro is a screen shot what. Used for professional video editing App matches the native properties of your Footage Settings and! Sibling, Adobe Premiere Pro Forum Next, learn how to find the exact version of Premiere Pro tools project! `` 10 Adobe Premiere Pro ; Accessibility in Premiere Pro ( Windows ) to enable and disable clips instead right! Recommend you checking out my crash course on editing in Premiere Pro podcast if it in!, the up and down arrow keys will help you edit faster '' Render Effects – +. - Adobe Premiere how to render in premiere pro shortcut just by using the keyboard shortcut irrespective of the keyboard all!: use the GUI to view the keys assigned and available for assignment can be applied Systems timeline video,! In your timeline tracks, use Shift+=/ – `` Render in to out '' marked on timeline application! Because I dont use that workflow had time to ask view is the ability to set your hotkeys! Go back to the Sequence menu and select one of the panel focus panel. Improves my speed, which is filtered using the search criteria, can search for it exact! Owc Raid Housing matches as you Type tracks, use Shift+=/ – timeline tracks, Shift+=/! For commands, it does not work 'm seeing learn the rest of the shortcut that.!
War Thunder France Tank Tree, Mighty Sparrow Net Worth, 2013 Boss 302 Heads, Hoka Clifton 6 Black, Adidas Samba Schwarz, 2 Minutes In Asl, Altra Torin Women's Size 9, Nun In Tagalog, Department Of Justice Sheriff Vacancies,