The Aztecs. The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations, living in Mexico and Central America, while the Incas lived in South America. Now Mexico City, heir capital was Tenochtitlan. While this gives a good taste of what makes each of these civilizations special, there is so much more to learn. They were usually two buildings comprising one room each. Astronomy was used by the Maya for divination and prophecy, rather than for scientific reasons or calculate crop cycles. Poetry and drama was a distinctive feature of this civilization. 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Incas has no written language, but on the other hand Mayans had a well developed written language. The Aztec Empire sends troops first to the south to attack on the inca territory. Human sacrifice, smallpox, and the Spanish empire... that's the whole story, right? Takes place in 1515. Durga / Kali worshiped in ancient American continent. They could be enslaved, usually as a way to pay off a debt, but enslavement was not hereditary. Like much of the rest of Mesoamerica, the Mayas were polytheistic, and believed in a supernatural world where powerful deities lived and needed to be satisfied with ceremonial offerings and rituals. Here we are describing brief difference between them. The Fiercest Feline of the Andes and the Amazon: The Puma! To keep records, they used series of knotted strings called quipus, as well as ceramics and textiles. Nobility was hereditary, and nobles had certain privileges, such as wearing fine garments or consuming luxury goods, as well as owning land and directing laborers. We can find paintings made by these people, although, there was no written language used by Incas. Aztecs vs Incas We all have memories from school lessons of these two great civilizations from South America. 3. The Inca ‘held sway’ in western South America (Peru, Bolivia) not the Maya, who were ‘roosted’ in Central America (Yucatan, Guatemala). Like the Mayans and Aztec, the Incas practiced human sacrifice but not as extreme as the Aztecs. They also had an advanced knowledge of mathematics, using a base 20 system, and were the first in Mesoamerica to have a concept of ‘zero’. 2010. The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican society which occupied central Mexico. Maya society had a sharp divide between the upper class, which included the royalty, middle class, which included artisans, merchants, soldiers, and some of the lower ranking priests, and a lower class that included laborers, servants, farmers, and slaves. At its height the Inca Empire (green) was far larger than the Aztec (blue) or Mayan (red) territories. Great Civilizations: The Aztec Empire by Sheila Wyborny. Now a day, it is symbol of modernism and development but it has a rich historic past as well. They also had their own tradition, similar to Chinese foot binding, called cranial deformation. All these were agricultural civilizations but Incas were more advanced. The place, known as Peru today, was the home of the people of this tribe. Also, similar to other Mesoamerican cultures, the Incas performed some human sacrifices, usually at important events, such as the death of the Sapa Inca (head Inca). All Rights Reserved, Country(*): National Geography Standards: 1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to … ~ Incas lived in the mountians ~ The Incas practiced terrace farming and used irrigation ~ Maya gradually disappeared ~ Incas were wept out by Spanish Settlers ~ Incas were ruled by an established government ; Mayas were ruled by kings and priests Maya & Aztec Similarities ; ~ Both built great cities ~ Studied astronomy and develpoed calenders Society : Both Aztec and Inca possessed a society ordered in hierarchies, the nobility being the most important sector Among the Aztecs the most recognized were military leaders, priests and civil servants, who were part of the Pipiltin class; while the rest were part of the common people called macehualtin. 1999. They were each highly advanced civilizations. Show Me The Proof. CLASS. From this small city-state kingdom, the Inca Empire began to expand, and brought much of modern-day Peru under Inca control. Gods and Goddesses of the Ancient Maya by Leonard Everett Fisher. Aztecs and Mayans have a stronger eco than incas. Maya is the older one, while Incas and Aztecs come into power, later. Sun, Sand, and Surf in the Gateway to South America: Four Must-See Colombian Beach Hubs, Where to Stay in the World’s Largest Waterfall System: Puerto Iguazú, Argentina. Mayan civilization is often associated with knowledge as they had a writing systems, astronomical knowledge, etc. The Aztec culture included different ethnic groups, which organized into city-states and joined to form alliances. 2009. We’ll start today’s lesson with the oldest, and longest-lasting empire, the Mayas. One of the biggest achievements of Maya society is their writing system, which was the most highly developed and sophisticated writing system developed in Mesoamerica. The ancient Maya had a very sophisticated methods of food production, using many farming techniques which provided a great variety of crops, including maize, sunflower seeds, beans, squashes, chilies, and tomatoes, among others. Maya began around 2000BC. Incas, Mayans and Aztecs are some old American civilizations. Mesoamerica and South America map (labeled) Standards. Aztec & Inca Empires Were both based on earlier civilizations and cultures. Difference between Aztec and Mayan can be simply put as two different civilizations in Mesoamerica. While the former ruled the roost in Central America the latter held sway in the western South America.” That is incorrect. The second class was made up of commoners, with about 20% dedicated to agriculture and food production, and the other 80% dedicated to warfare, arts and crafts, and trade. According to historic books, they have a planned and extensive irrigation system, which was unique at that time. In 1532, the Spanish arrived to a Peru and an Inca Empire in the middle of a civil war. The Inca people started out as a pastoral tribe in the Andes near Cusco, and according to legend, the first Incas emerged from caves in the mountains, captured Cusco, and built the first Inca homes in surrounding mountains and valley. Pachacuti split the kingdom (known as Tawantinsuyo) into four regions, with Cusco as its capital. 1. Maya and Aztec Olmec Civilization Three Great Civilizations Mayan History One of the central practices was offering sacrifices to their gods as a way of giving thanks for the continuation of the cycle of life. The Aztecs may be the most colorful (I’m talking about their statues and art) of these three ancient civilizations. It is home of many ancient cultures and civilizations. Aztecs are considered to be the strongest civ in the game by many. 2005. Hinduism and Mayans , Aztec , Inca, Sumerians- Same culture proof. The Incas believed in reincarnation. The Aztecs came into play after some time later. 2004. This was the rich and wealthy state with advanced methods of agriculture. Inca's have slingers which shred infantry and kamayuks which shred cavalry. Commoners could also obtain privileges similar to those of the nobility by demonstrating prowess as a warrior. There is a wealth of information about each of these great civilizations, but here we will try to explain a little bit of what makes each culture interesting and unique. This was an agricultural civilization, which was known for their well developed irrigation system. The Inca government had a central government with The Inca at the head, and four states – the four suyos of Tawantinsuyo. By 1493, the Incas ruled a 2500 mile (4000km) territory along the Andes Mountains until the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in 1532. Both of the civilizations have got their differences as they have evolved differently. The Inca Empire sends troops first to the central american jungles to get to the Aztec territory. Unlike the Mayas or the Aztecs, the Incas had no writing system. Though, both these civilizations are Pre-European in their origin, it is the Native American people who have marvelous accomplishments in the history. The concept of absolute zero is developed by Mayans, initially. The Aztecs lived in what is now central Mexico, while the Mayas lived in southern Mexico and the Inca civilization was focused around Chile and Peru. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. Similarities between Inca, Maya and aztecs So first lets take about how the Inca, Aztecs, and Mayan are similar. Home › Forums › Early America › The Aztec/Mayan/Incan Empires vs. Europe This topic has 10 voices and 15 replies. Sometimes it is easy to get them confused, as well, especially if you didn’t major in Spanish while you were in college. Similar to the Mayas, the Aztecs had a marked difference between nobility and commoners. The Aztecs and the Maya We’re sincerely grateful to Panel of Experts member Elizabeth Graham, Professor of Mesoamerican Archaeology at University College London, for this quick, fun, helpful, entry-level comparison between the Mexica (Aztecs) and the Maya. Who are the Indigenous People of Chile and Why is their Story Important? The Aztec, Maya, and Inca all farmed but had different techniques. They are known for the advancement in art, architecture and other scientific fields. When you come to Cusco and the Sacred Valley, you will walk down streets created by them and by walls that they built, as well as their mountain retreat that is now considered one of the 7 Wonders of the World – Machu Picchu. Viewing 15 posts – 1 through 15 (of 17 total) 1 2 →… The basic structure of the Mayan calendar influenced all of Mesoamerican calendars and each of them had to do with astronomy and its relation to seasons, crop harvesting, etc. When conquering their neighbors, they always started with diplomacy, offering gifts and peace if they accepted Inca rule, which many did. Their writing system is a logosyllabic writing, which combines phonetic signs with pictures representing entire words. Some people often confuse them with each other. Examples of Mayan architecture are El Mirador (approx 300BC) and Tikal in Guatemala (approx 300AD) and Chichen Itza (approx 600AD). Their great pyramid-cities were abandoned about 900AD. All people did this, especially the nobility. Aztec, Inca, and Maya an Eyewitness Book by Elizabeth Baquedano. Aztec & Inca Empires: Compared Aztecs 1200s to 1520s Inca 1430s to 1530s 2. Aztec & Inca Empires Were based on managing resources, goods, and people in an economy centered on intensive agriculture. The Aztecs built floating gardens while the Maya burnt down forests to plant gardens and the Inca farmed steep areas by building terraces. by Jade Adkins, Madison Perry, Ann Marie Stieglitz. Ancient America was the home of many large, advanced civilizations including the Maya, Inca, Olmec and Aztec societies. Like the Mayans and Incans, the Aztecs had an abundance of agriculture. The Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations were really smart in topics of … Though there are no hard and fast records, oral tradition gives us a good idea of what life was like for the Incas. Were originally clan based. Human sacrifice was common in Mayas and Aztecs, sometimes thousands were killed at the same time. The first of these was the Maya civilization. The Incas didn’t have hard and fast laws, but more customs and expectations of behavior, with three moral precepts governing how they acted: Like other Mesoamerican cultures, the Incas were also polytheistic, with most of their deities related to nature, such as Inti, the Sun God, and Mama Killa, the Moon Goddess. And for a long time that title belonged to Mayans. Supplemental Files: Mesoamerica and South America map . ROUND 2. They were used to play games. The empire reached its peak just before the Spanish arrived and brought about the fall of Tenochtitlan in 1521, and as such, the Aztec empire. The term Aztecs is often restricted to the Mexica people of Tenochtitlan, however it can also be more broadly used to refer to the Nahua peoples of central Mexico. Possible relationship with Vedic India. The Aztec religion organized itself around important calendar rituals dedicated to different deities. Human sacrifice was another ritual in Maya civilization. Aztecs used cocoa beans and cotton as currency, to buy goods and services. Maya Civilization. They were at the heart of Mexico throughout the 14th through the 16th centuries. About 2,800 years ago, people known as the Maya lived in farming villages on the Yucatan Peninsula and the highlands to the south. Both the Aztecs and the Mayans developed a writing system for their language, while the Incas did not. All these are different ancient American civilization, usually called as pre Colombian American civilizations. Maya is the older one, while Incas and Aztecs come into power, later. It was the largest empire in 13th century. All these were agricultural civilizations but Incas were more advanced. Those who did not, however, were subjected to military conquest. To sum up, MAYA vs INCA are 2 different software used in different industries but at the same time the most successful software in their fields. At its peak, (250 AD – 900 AD), the Maya empire occupied much of the territory that is now northern Central America (including all of Belize and Guatemala), as well as southeastern Mexico, containing the entire Yucatán Peninsula, though their society collapsed around 900AD due to political instability and environmental factors. For them, death was necessary to the perpetuation of creation, and so blood sacrifices were needed ensure the continuation of life. Aztec vs Mayan . Human sacrifice was common in Mayas and Aztecs, sometimes thousands were killed at the same time. Your email address will not be published. One room for living and sleeping, the other a bathroom. You can also see that you will only learn more about one of these cultures during your trip to Peru – the mountain-dwelling Incas. Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2014-2020 Kuoda Tours, LLC. The Aztec Empire by Sunita Apte. Aztec homes (Mexico, 1200 - 1520AD) were usually made of adobe with thatched roofs. The Aztecs followed about 400 years after the Mayan civilization began to shrink. At its peak, the Inca Empire included all of modern-day Peru, as well as a good portion of Bolivia, southwest Ecuador, and a good part of Chile. Mexico was the home of this civilization. Other than that common factor, the groups all had different ways of life and unique languages, political agendas, religious views and ways to provide for their people. (Mayans , Aztec , Sumerians) And do you know Maha Kali temple still exists in Mexico ? Mayans were more scientific, while Aztecs were lovers of art and literature. Unlike the Mayas or the Aztecs, the Incas had no writing system. Unlike the Maya, the Aztecs did not have a fully developed writing system, though like the Maya, they did use logograms and phonetic syllable signs. 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Pre-European in origin, both these civilizations of Native American peoples were as grand as any of the old world, and even today we marvel at their accomplishments. The Inca by World Book. All three civilizations grew corn, beans, and squash. The Mayans are the people, which had a well developed written language in ancient American period. Aztecs and Incas are two of the great civilizations of South America. The Mayans came first to the modern-day Mexico. Along with this, they had extremely sophisticated calendars, recording lunar and solar cycles, eclipses, and movements of the planets with incredible accuracy. The Inca Empire's allies are Mapuche tribes. Each of the calendars made by the Maya, Aztec, Inca, and even today's Gregorian calendar connects to each other in a few ways. The Inca were from a completely different area and lasted less than 300 years before being wiped out, while still managing to become the most advanced in their short life. Moreover, they are also called as founders of telepathy. To keep records, they used series of knotted strings called quipus , as well as ceramics and textiles. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. Those chosen as sacrifices tended to be high-status prisoners of war, or sometimes volunteers, as being a human sacrifice was seen as a great honor. What did these great empires have in common, and what made them very, very different? Differences between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas include their location and language system. This civil war made it easy for the Spanish to conquer the weakened Empire, and the current leader was captured, and executed in 1533. The Inca, Aztecs, and Mayan are similar from they worshiped gods.As they worshiped god very religiously and did sacrifices with everyone as there are a bunch of … The term “human sacrifice” often has modern cultural connotations associated with it as an ancient practice performed by “uncivilized societies”. The Inca … Human Sacrifice: Mayans vs Aztecs. Three of the most famous, and therefore most commonly confused, civilizations south of the U.S. border are the Aztecs, the Mayas, and the Incas. Incas has no written language, but on the other hand Mayans had a well developed written language. They also constructed artificial irrigation systems, and even in cities, people had gardens where they grew maize, herbs, fruits, and medicines. Extraordinary Ecuador & the Galapagos Islands. Compare and contrast Maya, Aztec, and Inca culture In history we the people have found to realize that the Maya, Aztec, and Inca culture was one of the most incredible findings of their accomplishments. Cusco wasn’t a part of any of the states, but sort of a city-state apart, similar to Washington D.C. Similar to both the Mayas and the Incas, the Aztec religion was a polytheistic religious with strong natural roots. The Maya, Inca, and Aztecs built great civilizations in Mexico and in Central and South America between 1,800 and 500 years ago. One of the most famous Mayan rituals is human sacrifice – blood was seen as important nourishment for the gods, and human life was seen as the ultimate offering of blood to the gods. The similarity between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas is that all had control of massive empires that eventually ceased to exist. Aztec, Inca, & Mayan powerpoint. When researching places to travel in Latin America, you will undoubtedly come across information about the people who were there before, stories of great empires and civilizations that have influenced the people and cultures that still thrive today. North America is a vast and historic land. A number of differences can be identified between Aztecs and Incas as they are two different civilizations. Another similarity to other Mesoamerican cultures, the Aztec society was based around agriculture, growing maize, beans, squash, chilies, and amaranth. Learn more about ancient American cultures at HISTORY.com. Haha, eheh, hehe, HA, not even close! Though there are no hard and fast records, oral tradition gives us a good idea of what life was like for the Incas. They are quite different from each other and all three have different characteristics. Leonard Everett Fisher there are no hard and fast records, oral tradition gives us a good idea what! Reasons or calculate crop cycles moreover, they used series of knotted strings called quipus, as.. Four regions, with Cusco as its capital an Eyewitness Book by Elizabeth Baquedano great! Had control of massive Empires that eventually ceased to exist one, Aztecs. By Incas and do you know Maha Kali temple still exists in Mexico which organized into city-states and to... 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