The 18 th century French society was divided into three estates. Estates System in the French Revolution - French Society in the late 18th Century was divided between distinct classes or groups in society. Question 2. One critical difference between the estates of the realm was the burden of taxation. Estates of the Realm and Taxation. France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). The first estate consisted of the clergy. Handout: France Before the Revolution of 1789 Society was divided into layers. They were also exempted from paying taxes. Therefore, before the French Revolution, those two aspects were existing. Name the three ‘Estates’ into which the French society was divided before the Revolution. Before the revolution, French society was divided into three orders or Estates of the Realm – the First Estate (clergy), Second Estate (nobility) and Third Estate (commoners). Practice important Questions. The French philosophers criticised the then prevailing condition of France and guided the general masses towards revolt against the contemporary society and the unhappy, unfreeze and unprotected people raised their voice against the tyrannical system in France and thus the death knell of monarchy began ringing in France in 1789. He believed that his authority to rule came They enjoyed certain privileges by birth. The Third Estate would become a very important early part of the French Revolution. NTSE History Volume II Chapter 1 to 12. At least that was the theory. The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. The king was there by God's will. They were exempted from paying taxes to the state. The French society was divided into three Estates: First Estate: It comprised of the church and the clergy. At the very top was the king. The society was divided by a strong hierarchy. France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). He had absolute power to make laws. Second Estate: In the second estate were the nobles and other rich members. The first estate consisted of the clergy. Question 1. Who was the ruler of France during the revolution? In reality, the king was very much influenced by the wealthy nobility. Prev Question Next Question. At the top of society was Louis XVI, the absolute monarch of France. The king was not considered part of any estate. The main changes brought by the French Revolution were the abolition of privileges and the suppression of Monarchy. 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