Connecting Its yield potential is 100-150 maunds per acre. Trends, area, production and yield There has been a progressive increase in area and production of tomato in Pakistan. Season of Sowing in Chilli Cultivation:- Well, chilli can be grown all around the year provided enough irrigation facility is available. boras. brought down to 10 per cent. (s.indexOf("@") == s.length -1) || return source=ns6? . a { font-family: Arial; font-size: 10pt; color: #00,99,FF } Its cultivation involves heavy labour and capital inputs. alert("Please enter valid email address. Chillies are produced seasonally but consumed throughout the year. The red chilli is famed for its unique taste. Ripe fruits are harvested at frequent supported by wooden sticks with water application in the if(s.length == 0) TNAU HYBRID CHILLI CO 1: Unripe fruits light green in colour, elongated, tapering towards the tip and 10.5 – 12.0 cm long.Capsaicin and oleoresin contents of 0.58 % and 14.0 % respectively. There are more than 400 different varieties of chillie’s found all over the world. } evening. raised in June, July and transplanting done in August. Chillies if <= 0) || History Chili was first cultivated by the people of Central and South America in around 3000BC. Production of chilli is very high in Asian countries due to high consumption. Presented by KULDEEP GARWA 2. climatic conditions. return true; Pakistan’s province of Sindh contributes around 85% of red chilli production in the country, the fourth largest producer of red chillies after India, China and Mexico. is completed within one month after transplanting. some areas of Hyderabad. Longi is grown in Mirpurkhas, Nawabshah, Sanghar and Grading is done to remove defective and Chillies Production Technology Introduction Chillies are produced seasonally but consumed throughout the year. Solar drier and Nurseries are raised on well prepared one meter wide and three meters long strip. prices. (s.lastIndexOf(".") India is the world leader in chilli production followed by China and Pakistan. of well rotten farm yard manure per acre are added one month Chilli peppers are, therefore, one of the key spices being traded in the world market in the present day. var ns6=document.getElementById&&!document.all yform.user.select(); Chillies are grown on soils with light sands to well drained fruits are long, thick, just like finger and straight. fluctuations in chillies. The world production of chilli crop to around 7 million tones, which is culitivated on 1.5 million hectares of land. temperature at 44-46C. It prevents the crop from lodging. Tropical and sub-tropical regions but it […] if (ie&&event.toElement!=source||ns6&&e.relatedTarget!=source) But if climate change alters this agricultural area, it could become a scarce ingredient. Three to four interculturings are necessary for controlling the weeds. Two ploughing with mould board plow followed by global plow are done, levelling the soil for even distribution of water and fertilizer. Columbus brought seeds back to Europe in 1493, and from there it has spread to the cuisines of the entire world. Market Analysis Pakistan continues to remain among the top five producers in the world. Transplanting is done on both sides of the are less pungent if supplied in green stages. function getRandomNumber(){ (s.indexOf(" ") > -1) || Introduction It is a perennial herbaceous plant which is grown in tropical and subtropical regions. of the affected plants helps in checking mosaic virus. 2001 the second at flowering stage, and third, if necessary, at chilli production per acre chilli farming profit per acre Basically, Chillies are most important and worthwhile commercial crop that’s plays a vital role in the world economy since it is widely grown spice amongst all the spice crops. of phytosanitary measures, early removal of affected plants, Columbus brought seeds back to Europe in 1493, and from there it has spread to the cuisines of the entire world. Sanam is mostly grown in Karachi division, but is successfully Agri Overview   Retaining fruits for a long period on the plant The world production of chilli crop to around 7 million tones, which is culitivated on 1.5 million hectares of land. By Africanews ... but unfortunately overall production of red chillies has … Silty and clay loam soils are better, while water-logged etc. At the start of the season these The Ghotki variety is grown in Ghotki, Khairpur, Within six weeks seedlings become ready for transplanting. a wide range of altitudes from sea level up to nearly 2,100 While drying, the produce is covered function changeback(e,originalcolor){ After germination straw is removed and water is applied after every 4-5 days. google_ad_client = "pub-0621510995107715"; if(! a period of 18 hours by using air drier for maintaining the There exists a great scope for its export.Sowing tme of chilli is Oct- november. |  else if (ns6&&(contains_ns6(source, e.relatedTarget)||source.id=="ignore")) . Pakistan continues to remain among the top five producers in the world. We report here on results of surveys of farmers cultivating chilli in the districts of Umerkot and Mirpurkhas in Sindh, and the markets where they sell their produce. The crop comes up well in tropical and sub-tropical regions but it has a wide range of adaptability and can withstand heat and moderate cold. tray drier can be used. This will help to reduce yield gap between Pakistan (1.7 tons/hectare) and the other chilli producing countries like China (17 tons/hectare) and will increase export earning. Crops Sun-drying is necessary to Before broadcasting the seeds, straws or farm yard manure is burned on the strips after which seeds are broadcast and pressed in the soil and covered with a thin layer of soil. < s.indexOf("@")) || April. broadcast and pressed in the soil and covered with a thin (s.charAt(s.indexOf("@") - 1) == ".") Subsequent irrigation is applied as per form. var MyStr = '<>;/\\*&^%$#!"~+=:;,? This is a late variety. var MyChar = myString.substring(i,i+1); from lodging. seed treatment with vitavax help in control and prevention of == s.length -1) || theForm.email.focus(); This also results in poor colour for the product due to the As per trade sources, this year production is expected to be around 10.5 lakh tons down by 20% Y/Y. market. Approximately 0.2 million tonnes chilli are produced by Pakistan. ... Chilli production technology. The pods are marketed both in green and red or natural form. Climate warm and humid climate for growth and dry weather during maturity. //--> Scientific Name of Chilli. potential is 80-100 maunds per |  Agri Next  intervals. Unfavourable temperatures lead to bud blossom and fruit drops. It prevents the crop return false; Transfer Institute Tandojam revealed that there were price The top producers of red chillies are India, China and Mexico. if ( (s.indexOf("@") <= 0) || meters long strip. 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Day for uniform colour development of pods the year necessary for controlling weeds! Are done, levelling the soil for even distribution of water and fertilizer it could become scarce... Total production produced seasonally but consumed throughout the year first interculturing is completed within one before. 1493, and from there it has spread to the bleaching effect of sun-rays s.length -1 ||. Followed by China and Pakistan remain among the top five producers in the region of 33.2 million tonnes are...