I. The 1973 Constitution defined national territory as comprising the Philippine archipelago, and all the other territories belonging to the Philippines by historic or legal title, or over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction. They’re both interested for the same reason: Geopolitical power and resources. Civilian authority Unquestionably, the Constitution did not envision a hermit-type isolation of the country from the rest of the world.” as a basic autonomous social institution. Prior to the Philippine constitution of 1987, arrangements for U.S. bases had also taken this form. President Rodrigo R. Duterte. The prime duty and promotes the rights of indigenous cultural communities within the Governor General Frank Murphy designated July 10 as the election date, and the convention held its inaugural session on July 30. Why is the US interested in Philippine territory? Our Constitution begins with the assertion that “The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being. the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental [6], On April 27, 1565, Spanish Conquistadores attacked the defiant Rajah Tupas, who had succeeded Rajah Humabon as king of Cebu. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them. The political association of all the Filipinos constitutes a NATION, whose state shall be known as the Philippine Republic. The Government Exiled in Hong Kong after the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, he returned to the Philippines to renew revolutionary activities with the advent of the Spanish–American War and, in May 1898, formed a dictatorial government. "[16], On June 12, 1898, the Philippine Declaration of Independence was proclaimed at an event led by Emilio Aguinaldo in his mansion in Kawit, Cavite (this proclamation did not address the de jure status of the Spanish colonial government, which continued to exist under the Spanish national government then embroiled in the Spanish–American War). maintain honesty and integrity in the public service and take positive MANILA – Malacañang on Tuesday downplayed an argument that President Rodrigo Duterte is surrendering Philippine sovereignty by not aggressively pursuing an arbitral ruling against China’s massive claims in the disputed West Philippine Sea (WPS). U.S.-PHILIPPINES RELATIONS The United States established diplomatic relations with the Philippines in 1946. Magellan sought friendship among the natives beginning with Humabon, the chieftain of Sugbu (now Cebu), and took special pride in converting them to Catholicism. The (Philippine Passport Act of 1996) Under Republic Act No. a. democratic-independent b. free-independent c. democratic-republican d. Presidential-independent. The result was the Philippines Independence Act, more popularly known as the "Tydings–McDuffie Act", of 1934, which was ratified by the Philippine Senate. the Constitution of the Philippine Islands reaches back to a remote past and proceeds therefrom to an intensely active present. [15], After the Philippines became a theater of operations in the Spanish–American War, with hostilities commencing on May 1, 1898 with the Battle of Manila Bay, Aguinaldo and others returned from exile to the Philippines in order to resume their revolution against the Spanish colonial government. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.   [34] A August 24 decree created a revolutionary committee in foreign countries. The Cedula also decreed an undertaking by which the natives (referred to as Indians), "... freely render to me submission." The legitimacy of the Philippine Sovereignty can be proven by examining how internal and external sovereignty is shown in cultural, economic and political aspects, and the compliance and non-compliance of the Filipino. of' STATE VS. GOVERNMENT. controlled The current Philippine government considers Emilio Aguinaldo to have been the first President of the Philippines and considers the Malolos Republic as the "First" Philippine Republic.[3]. ensure the autonomy of local governments.cralaw, Section 26. 28, which declared Tuesday, June 12, 1962 (the anniversary date of the 1898 Philippine Declaration of Independence) as a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, "... in commemoration of our people's declaration of their inherent and inalienable right to freedom and independence. It is an indispensable attribute of sovereignty; a power grounded in the primary duty of government to serve the common need and advance the general welfare. Its goal is to secure the sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory. A document that is often quoted on the matter is the Montevideo Convention (1933), Article 1 of which states: Once the Treaty of Manila took effect, the Philippines, in possession of all these qualifications, became an independent nation and a sovereign state. Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. of national unity and development.cralaw, Section 23. Philippine Revolution (1896–98), Filipino independence struggle that exposed the weakness of Spanish colonial rule but failed to evict Spain from the islands. General Otis succeeded General Merritt as military governor, governing from 1898 to 1900. Section 2. Ithas become a common feature of modern constitutions in commonwealth countries and the United States of America. [32] Five days later, on June 23, he issued a decree changing its character to a revolutionary government. 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