2002 11 April - Some 150,000 people rally in support of strike and oil protest. Word of Spain's troubles in 1808 in the Napoleonic Wars soon reached Caracas, but only on 19 April 1810 did its "cabildo" (city council) decide to follow the example set by the Spanish provinces two years earlier. A chronology of key events: 1525 - Spain begins conquest of Colombia. Read More; In Latin Americans in Major League Baseball Through the First Years of the 21st Century: The 1960s through the 1990s. 1829-30 - Venezuela secedes from Gran Colombia. In a dimly lit room next door, the old television, as usual, was tuned to Venezuela's state broadcaster, which devotes much of its time to the latest about Mr Maduro and his government. Searchable historical themes and world events from the last two thousand years. Chávez was a charismatic and admired leader in Venezuela, largely thanks to his social welfare programs. On March 5, Hugo Chávez, the country’s longtime president, died of cancer at 58. The report comes two weeks after Ms. Bachelet visited Venezuela. Opposition makes significant gains. Government attempts to crush revolutionaries 1810 - 1812. Timeline for Simon Bolivar, Patriot, statesman, founder of Bolivia and liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama & Peru. Venezuela has less than $10 billion in foreign reserves, according to data from the Central Bank of Venezuela published in July. The city stretches 40 km (24 mi) along the south bank of the Orinoco and is one of Venezuela's largest. 2007 December - President Chavez suffers his first defeat at the ballot box, when a referendum narrowly rejects proposals to increase government control over the Central Bank and the power to expropriate property. The media regulator imposed the fine in October over Globovision coverage of a prison riot. The presidents of both nations resolve the affair at talks in Caracas in February. Published. 2002 April - Armed forces rebel over violent stand-off between government and state oil monopoly after appointment of new board. 1908-35 - Under dictator Juan Vicente Gomez, Venezuela becomes world's largest oil exporter. 2007 June - Two leading US oil companies, Exxon Mobil and ConocoPhilips, refuse to hand over majority control of their operations in the Orinoco Belt to the Venezuelan government. The establishment of the Supreme Caracas Junta following the forced deposition of Vicente Emparan as Captain General of the Captaincy General of Venezuela on … Bitter dispute with Colombia over the capture of a Colombian rebel Farc leader on Venezuelan soil. 1999 - Severe floods and mudslides hit the north, killing tens of thousands of people. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1829-30 Venezuela secedes from Gran Colombia and becomes an independent republic with its capital at Caracas. Share. 2012 April - Government extends price controls on more basic goods in the battle against inflation. Initial price controls on a few basic goods were imposed in 2003. 2011 June - Mr Chavez begins a year-long course of cancer treatment in Cuba, which includes several extended stays there and a reduced workload. 2002 April 12 - Armed forces head announces Chavez has resigned, a claim later denied by Chavez. 2008 September - Venezuela and Russia sign oil and gas cooperation accord. During the 19th century Venezuela was ruled by military dictators called Caudillos. 1983-84 - Fall in world oil prices generates unrest and cuts in welfare spending; Dr Jaime Lusinchi (AD) elected president and signs pact involving government, trade unions and business. In 1806, Francisco de Miranda helped start the First Republic for the Independence of Venezuela with help from American sponsors and soldiers, but it failed due to lack of support from the royalists Bolivar returns to Venezuela to lead the Independence war The first Republic fails Simon Bolivar and other revolutionary leaders fled abroad Print; Main. Military names Pedro Carmona, one of the strike organisers, as head of transitional government. Copy link. 2008 October - First Venezuelan telecommunications satellite launched from China. This allows President Chavez to stand again when his term expires in 2012. 2006 July - President Chavez signs a $3bn (£1.6bn) arms deal with Russia, including an agreement to buy fighter jets and helicopters. close. 2012 October - President Chavez wins a fourth term in office. 2005 June - Venezuela and 13 Caribbean states launch a regional oil company at a summit in Caracas. Create a Timeline Now; Venezuelan Revolution. 2005 December - Parties loyal to President Chavez dominate parliament after opposition parties boycott election. National Guard and pro-Chavez gunmen clash with protesters - more than 10 are killed and 110 injured. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. About sharing . Venezuela longed to be out from under the thumb of the Spanish Empire, and in 1806 a revolutionary by the name of Francisco de Miranda lit the initial flame for that cause. They were led by men like Simon Bolivar, manuel Piar, and Santiago Marino. Government lifts some price controls on staple foods in an attempt to avert shortages. Here's how a country on a prolonged political and economic collapse reached a … Share page. About sharing . He is part of the conspiracy by which a junta expels the Spanish governor of the province of Venezuela, on April 19, and takes control. Zamora had returned to Venezuela to lead the … However, his efforts to set up an independent administration in Caracas ended when fellow conspirators handed him over to the Spanish. Venezuela Declares Independent A congress party led by Francisco de Miranda and a young Simon Bolivar lead a voting for being declared independent of Spain. 1947-48 - President Romulo Gallegos, Venezuela's first democratically elected leader, overthrown within eight months in military coup led by Marcos Perez Jimenez, who forms government with backing from the armed forces and the US. Since its discovery in the 1920s, oil has taken Venezuela … Two years later Venezuela was the largest oil exporter in the world. 2002 9 April - Trade unions and the Fedecamaras business association declare general strike to support Petroleos de Venezuela dissidents. In History. 1819: Simon Bolivar defeats forces at Boyaca on August 7th. St Kitts and Nevis profile - Timeline. After a six-year wait, Venezuela becomes a full member of regional trading bloc Mercosur. In addition to the two constitution-making processes that occurred when Venezuela became independent in 1811 and when it emerged as a separate country from Gran Colombia in 1830, Venezuela has had many other constitution making processes which were carried out in 1858, 1863, 1893, 1901, 1914, 1946, 1953, and 1961. Bolivar crosses Andes to hit Spanish by surprised. Venezuela has a long history of constitutional reforms. In History. close. 1749 - First rebellion against Spanish colonial rule. 2013 April - President Hugo Chavez dies at age 58 in March after a battle with cancer. The Venezuelan War of Independence was one of the Spanish wars during the early nineteenth century. 2007 December - Mr Chavez suffers his first defeat at the ballot box, when voters in a referendum narrowly reject proposals to extend his powers and accelerate his socialist revolution. A deadline to finish negotiations had been set for Sunday, but the UK and EU agreed to keep talking. President Chavez threatens to expropriate companies that do not comply with the price controls. Social and political upheaval includes riots, in which between 300 and 2,000 people are killed, martial law and a general strike. The nine-week stoppage leads to fuel shortages. Spain wants Venezuela to remain loyal despite Ferdinand VII being captured by the French. 2004 March - Several people are killed and many are injured in clashes between opponents and supporters of President Chavez. 2002 February - National currency, the bolivar, plummets 25% against the US dollar after the government scraps exchange rate controls. 2010 December - Parliament grants Mr Chavez special powers to deal with the aftermath of devastating floods, which critics say will turn the country into a near-dictatorship. July 5, 1811 - Venezuela declares its independence from Spain, leading to more than ten years of war for independence. Thousands gather in Caracas to mourn, or celebrate, the government's closure of the RCTV channel which has been critical of President Chavez. July 5, 2019. Then, in 1808, France invaded Spain, which led to the collapse of the Spanish Monarchy. It excludes the US, Canada, the Netherlands, and British and Danish dependencies, but includes Cuba. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up ; Topic 10: Independence revolutions and Topic 11: South America independence Timeline created by ParedesW9C. In baseball: Baseball in Latin America …United States, introduced baseball to Venezuela in 1895 and to Puerto Rico in 1897. Organisers demand that Chavez resign. About sharing. © 2020 BBC. Demands made by spanish government 1808 - 1810 . 2020 December - Opposition boycotts legislative elections, which are duly won by President Maduro's party and allies. History Through Timelines by HistoryMole.com. 1817. 2003 August-September - Opposition delivers petition with more than three million signatures demanding referendum on Chavez's rule. 1992 - Colonel Hugo Chavez and supporters make two coup attempts. The nation’s economic development is based on rising prices and profits in oil exports. New Spain Province of Venezuela Viceroyalty of New Granada Captaincy General American Confederation of Venezuela War of Independence State of Venezuela and United States of Venezuela Federal War 1902–03 crisis Oil industry history El Trienio Adeco Republic of Venezuela 1958 coup Punto Fijo Pact Carupanazo Porteñazo Caracazo 1992 coup attempts Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela … 2011 October - Venezuelan opposition TV channel Globovision is fined $2.1m for coverage of a prison riot in June, which the media regulator says had "justified crime and fuelled public anxiety". Zamora and 3,400 men defeated the Central Army of 2,300 men, with about 1,200 casualties altogether on both sides. 1810 - Venezuelan patriots take advantage of Napoleon Bonaparte's invasion of Spain to declare independence. Chavez is jailed — but not forgotten by many grateful Venezuelans. 2016 September - Hundreds of thousands of people take part in a protest in Caracas calling for the removal of President Maduro, accusing him of responsibility for the economic crisis. Venezuela is a country of striking natural beauty, and one of the most highly-urbanised countries in Latin America. About sharing . At the same time, the process of creating a stable government in Spain, which would be widely recognized throughout the empire, took two years. In Venezuela’s war for independence from Spain Ezequiel Zamora (1817-1860) led the Battle of Santa Ines. European Union, United States, and most Latin American countries recognise Mr Guaidó. In History. Venezuela was ripe for Independence long before other South American regions. Lin Published: February 16, 2019, 6:00 AM EST | … US reciprocates. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Venezuela crisis timeline. Published. 1805. 2009 February - Voters in a referendum approve plans to abolish limits on the number of terms in office for elected officials. Although their effort failed, it forewarned of the revolutionary movements that were soon to inflame Latin America. Share. 2010 January - President Chavez devalues the bolivar currency to boost revenue from oil exports after economy shrank 5.8% in last quarter of 2009. 2009 August - Tensions between the two neighbours increase still further after Bogota accuses Venezuela of supplying arms to Farc rebels, and Mr Chavez accuses Colombia of allowing its troops to stray over their common border. 2007 May - Government takes control of oil projects in the Orinoco Delta as part of the nationalisation drive. Jul 6, 1811 1811:Venezuela declares it's independence. 2012 April - Government extends price controls on more basic goods in the battle against inflation. Within two years, Venezuela, Columbia, and Ecuador were all … 2009 February - Voters in a referendum approve plans to abolish limits on the number of terms in office for elected officials; this would allow President Chavez to stand again when his current term expires in 2012. 1902 - Venezuela fails to repay loans and, as a result, its ports are blockaded by British, Italian and German warships. Menu. Six TV channels taken off air for breaking rules on transmitting government material. Share. Relations with Colombia deteriorate after Colombian President Alvaro Uribe rejects Mr Chavez's call for left-wing rebels to be treated as insurgents instead of terrorists. 2008 September - Government approves nationalisation of household fuel distributors and petrol stations. In 1908 Juan Vicente Gomez became dictator of Venezuela and would rule the country for almost 30 years. Copy link. Share page. 2014 November - Government announces cuts in public spending as oil prices reach a four-year low. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; L'histoire de France Timeline created by facebooker_10155876062288481. The socialist party of Mr Chavez still controls congress, but with a reduced majority. Although their effort failed, it forewarned of the revolutionary movements that were soon to inflame Latin America. Share page. Venezuelan Independence. 2000 - Foreign Minister Jose Vicente Rangel discloses plot to kill Chavez. 2002 April 14 - Chavez returns to office after the collapse of the interim government. Share. A Timeline of Venezuela’s Economic Rise and Fall By Peter Millard , Cindy Hoffman , Marisa Gertz and Jeremy C.F. Guayana is one of the newest cities in Venezuela, constructed in 1961 as a new economic center for the interior of Venezuela, especially for major industries such as iron, steel, and aluminum. Timetoast's free timeline maker lets you create timelines online. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1870-88 - Ruler Antonio Guzman Blanco attracts foreign investment, modernises infrastructure and develops agriculture and education. The national flag is introduced with yellow representing land wealth, blue for the sea and red for the bloodshed. Revolutionaries gain power, but it isn't radical enough 1814 - 1817 Bolívar emerges as the face of Venezuelan independence, but it is short lived. 2014 February-March - At least 28 people die in suppression of anti-government protests. The drive toward independence had begun. Venezuela’s Independence Day Press Statement. April 19 is known as “Firma Acta de la Independencia” or “Signing of the Act of Independence.” Venezuela and Russia sign oil and gas cooperation accord. 2005 March - New media regulations provide stiff fines and prison terms for slandering public figures. 1810 - Venezuelan patriots take advantage of Napoleon Bonaparte's invasion of Spain to declare independence. 1498: Christopher Columbus sights the coast of what is now Venezuela. Ferdinand VII, the heir to the Spanish crown, was a prisoner of Napoleon of France, who became the de facto (if indirect) ruler of Spain. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Brexit trade talks to enter 'extra mile'. 1814 Ferdinand VII sends Spanish army to South America to stop any uprising 1813 In 1813, Simon Bolivar returns to Venezuela and captures Caracas where he forms the Second Republic as a military dictator The Second Republic falls 1806 1812 1817 In 1806, Francisco de Miranda (See Junta (Peninsular War).) Military high command rebels and demands that Chavez resign. 2010 September - Parliamentary elections. History of Venezuela Timeline Timeline Description: Venezuela, situated on the northern coast of South America, ... Venezuelan Independence. The Congress declared Venezuela's independence on 5 July 1811, establishing the Republic of Venezuela. 2010 January - President Chavez devalues the bolivar, by 17% against the US dollar for "priority" imports and by 50% for items considered non-essential, to boost revenue from oil exports. Paratroop Lt. Col. Hugo Chavez bursts onto the scene when he leads a failed coup against an elected government that had overseen the bloody repression of street protests against a gasoline price hike. President Chavez's allies retain control of 17 out of 22 governorships. 1948 - President Romulo Gallegos, Venezuela's first democratically-elected leader, overthrown within eight months in military coup led by Marcos Perez Jimenez. Share this page on: Close. 1989 - Carlos Andres Perez (AD) elected president amid economic depression, launches austerity programme with IMF loan. However, the earthquake of 1812 hit the revolutionary center and forced de Miranda to surrender, angering Bolívar. 2015 December - Opposition Democratic Unity coalition wins two-thirds majority in parliamentary elections, ending 16 years of Socialist Party control. 1958 - Admiral Wolfgang Larrazabal ousts Marcos Perez Jimenez; leftist Romulo Betancourt of the Democratic Action Party (AD) wins democratic presidential election. He was shipped to Spain and died in jail. - This made them the first nation in Latin America to do so. 1,200 BCE. Venezuela was finally liberated by Simon Bolivar in 1821. 2002 25 February - Chavez appoints new board of directors to state oil monopoly Petroleos de Venezuela in move opposed by executives. On April 19, 1810, the municipal council of Caracas headed a movement that successfully deposed the Spanish Governor and … Sep 12, 1811. Russia and Venezuela sign accord on joint civilian nuclear cooperation. Published. 1993-95 - President Perez impeached on corruption charges. Venezuela History Timeline – 20th Century. Michael R. Pompeo, Secretary of State. National Assembly grants President Chavez sweeping powers to rule by decree for the next eighteen months. Well, it's easy as toast! .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}A chronology of key events: 1498-99 - Christopher Columbus and Alonso de Ojeda visit Venezuela, which is inhabited by Carib, Arawak and Chibcha peoples. 1810 - Venezuelans take advantage of Napoleon's invasion of Spain to declare independence. Venezuela is a country of striking natural beauty, and one of the most highly-urbanised countries in Latin America. 1821, A few months later, the royalist army was defeated in the battle of Carabobo, the final victory of Venezuela's independence. Venezuela was inhabited by tribal peoples for thousands of years prior to the Spanish arriving. 2010 October - Mr Chavez visits Iran, where he and the Iranian president promise to deepen their "strategic alliance" against US "imperialism". 2008 August - President Chavez announces plans to nationalise one of the country's largest private banks, the Spanish-owned Bank of Venezuela. Globovision accuses the government of trying to shut it down. Venezuelan Patriot Francisco de Miranda, a former general in the French Revolution, led a failed attempt to start a revolution in Venezuela in 1806, but many approved of his actions. 2003 May - Government, opposition sign deal brokered by Organisation of American States (OAS) which sets out framework for referendum on Hugo Chavez's rule. 2011 November - Government introduces price controls on many basic goods in an attempt to curb the 27% annual inflation rate, one of the highest in the world. 1960 - Movement of the Revolutionary Left splits from AD and commences anti-government work. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Venezuela was worth 482.36 billion US dollars in 2014, according to official data from the World Bank and projections from Trading Economics. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Topic 10: Independence revolutions and Topic 11: South America independence Timeline created by ParedesW9C. Jose Antonio Paez= number one 2001 - President Chavez uses enabling act to pass laws aimed at redistributing land and wealth. Simón Bolívar leads revolution, it becomes successful, then gets stopped by spaniards. Venezuela, a major producer, agrees to supply the nations with cheap fuel. 2018 August - UN says two million Venezuelans have fled abroad to neighbouring countries since 2014. 1800. July 5 1811: The General Captaincy of Venezuela declares independence from Spain and creates the Confederation of States of Venezuela. 2008 October - First Venezuelan telecommunications satellite launched from China. Read about our approach to external linking. He will face former state governor Henrique Capriles, who is leading a coalition of about 30 opposition parties. Public timelines ; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Venezuelas Independence from Spain Timeline created by Perez Bryan. 2008 July - Relations with Colombia begin to improve again in the wake of the freeing of Farc's most high-profile hostage, Ingrid Betancourt. Critics accuse President Chavez of using oil to increase diplomatic influence. President Chavez taken into military custody, but interim government of business leader Pedro Carmona collapses and Hugo Chavez returns to office. Published. Timeline. Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan by birth and the central figure in the story of the independence movements of Latin America, is a young officer in Caracas in 1810. Bolivar's ragged, starving men surprised and defeated the Spaniards at the Battle of Boyaca to take back New Granada. 2005 January - President Chavez signs decree on land reform to eliminate Venezuela's large estates and benefit rural poor. Electoral body rejects petition saying it fails to meet technical requirements. Russian warplanes visit Venezuela, with Russian warships heading there for November joint exercises - first return of Russian navy to Americas since Cold War. Bolivar faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo. Concern grows in business and some labour circles that he is trying to concentrate economic and political power. Copy link. Below is a timeline on how Venezuela’s political crisis has evolved since the death of socialist leader Hugo Chavez, against a backdrop of hyperinflationary economic … Throughout the 19th century Venezuela suffered political turmoil and dictatorship, remaining dominated by regional caudillos (military strongmen) until the mid-20th century. "; Much of Venezuela's oil is bought by the US, Venezuela is the world's fifth-largest oil exporter, Exports to China are set to rise substantially, Venezuela aims to boost output to more than 5m barrels per day by 2012, Thousands perished in a 1999 flood disaster, Hugo Chavez survived 2002's short-lived coup, Oil strike: Tankers stood idle during the two-month stoppage, Supporters hailed Chavez's victory in a vote on his rule, Result confirmed by electoral authorities and international observers, Joint war games with Russia marked a move towards closer ties in 2008, How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire, Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit, BBC News Updated every minute of every day, 2003: In pictures - Venezuela strike chaos, Country profile: United States of America. “You cannot ask Venezuelan courts, which have no independence, to investigate the executive,” she said. Chavez wins another six years in office and a mandate to pursue political reforms. 28 May 2018. 2006 December - Hugo Chavez wins a third term in presidential elections with 63% of the vote, the largest margin since the 1947 election. This created a power vacuum in the Spanish possessions in America, which created further politi… In 1522, Nueva Toledo became the first permanent Spanish settlement in South America. Battle of Taguanes. How to make a timeline? 1980s to 1990s: Global oil prices fall; Venezuela’s economy contracts. 1821. Sep 10, 1810. On 5 July 1811, seven of the ten provinces of the Captaincy General of Venezuela declared their independence in the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence. In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish … Venezuela achieved full independence as a separate country in 1830. The opposition contests the result. The republic of Venezuela celebrates its independence from Spain on two different dates: April 19, when an initial declaration of semi-independence from Spain was signed in 1810, and July 5, when a more definitive break was signed in 1811. 2010 March - Economy shrank by 5.8 % in last three months of 2009, according to the central bank. 2001 November - President Chavez appears on TV to hail 49 reform laws which his government has introduced, including land and oil industry reforms, under powers which did not require them to be approved by the National Assembly. close. 2010 August - Colombia and Venezuela restore diplomatic ties. 2009 July - Relations with Colombia begin to deteriorate again after plans are announced to allow US troops to use Colombian military bases as part of a drive to curb drug-trafficking. The battle was fought between Spanish royalists and the Second Republic of Venezuela on July 31, 1813. 1521 - Spanish colonisation begins on the north-east coast. 2012 July - Opposition TV channel Globovision pays a $2.1m fine to avoid having its assets seized. This event was important because it was the turning point in the independence struggle in the north. After he assumed the presidency in 1999, he continued nationalizing the oil industry and used the profit to fund food subsidies, education and health care programs. History of Venezuela Timeline Timeline Description: Venezuela, situated on the northern coast of South America, supports a wide range of extreme habitats including the Andes mountain range, the Amazon Basin rainforest, the Los Llanos grassland plains, the Orinoco Delta … President Chavez orders 15,000 troops to the Colombian border, citing increased violence by Colombian paramilitary groups. Independence the Ecuador Quito First Call for Independence Quito's massacre 1817. 2008 January, February - After President Chavez's mediation with the Farc, the Colombian rebel group releases six hostages. Maduro, who Chávez groomed to replace him, was elected into office less than a month later, gaining 50.6 percent of the vote. Violent protests in the streets. 2006 July - President Chavez signs a $3bn (£1.6bn) arms deal with Russia, including an agreement to buy fighter jets and helicopters, marking a re-orientation away from US arms supplies. 1998 - Hugo Chavez elected president amid disenchantment with established parties, launches 'Bolivarian Revolution' that brings in new constitution, socialist and populist economic, and social policies funded by high oil prices, alongside increasingly anti-US foreign policy. Rebellion In Latin America Rebellion broke out in several parts of Latin America. Video, Fighting the 'stigma' of dementia in Asian families, Covid-19: Trump rejects plan for early vaccines at White House, Australia storms: Byron Bay's Main Beach 'all but disappeared', New Zealand sex worker wins six-figure sum in sexual harassment case, Electoral College: The people who ultimately pick the US president, Ambrose Dlamini: Eswatini's PM dies after testing positive for Covid-19, Justin Bieber teams up with NHS choir for Christmas number one race, US treasury and commerce departments targeted in cyber attack, Nigeria school attack: Gunmen who seized children in Katsina 'surrounded', China warns of interference over Bloomberg journalist arrest, John le Carré: Espionage writer dies aged 89. Have fled abroad to neighbouring countries since 2014 the media regulator imposed fine. 2010 August - President Chavez wins another six years in office and a mandate to pursue reforms! 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