As wealthy nobles, the Second Estate's members were exempted from the corvee (forced labor on roads), the taille (direct taxation), and the gabelle (the salt tax), and the Second Estate was reluctant to reform, lest their privileges be lost to the Third Estate. 130,000 ordained members of the Catholic Church were part of the First Estate. This period debated what should be a role of the monarchy and the aristocracy … A The Fourth Estate B The Second Estate … Third Estate… The 1848 Revolution in the History of France, sometimes known as the February Revolution (révolution de février), was one of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe. The third class comprised of businessman, peasants, labour etc. The Privileges of the First and Second Estates in France in the 1780's Under the Ancien Régime, the French people were divided, according to their status, into ‘estates’ or social groups. Created by. The period from 1789 to 1799 is called as the period of the French revolution. Prior to the revolution, French society was divided into three estates also known as orders. Actually, in 1975 there were around 4,000 noble families in France. The Second Estate is a more complex study because they were not as uniform as the clergy in their opposition to the Revolution. These people were the ones who took action first. First Estate - The First Estate was made up of the clergy. Learn. The First Estate contained around 130,000 ordained members of the Catholic church: from archbishops and bishops down to parish priests, monks, friars and nuns. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (10) How did French support of the American Revolution increase problems for King Louis XVI? France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). Start studying Unit II Exam: The French Revolution. Out of these first and second were privileged. Like … The Second Estate was made up by the nobility who were wealthy enough to afford private tutors, which was the primary method of education in the late 1700s. Both the First Estate and Second Estate did not want anything to change in France … They owned 20% of all the land in France and paid no taxes. French Revolution Sunday, 1 October 2017. The Second Estate was the Aristocracy or Nobility, which was made up of about 400,000 people. Following the overthrow … The second estatemad up only 1.5 … There were many inequalities that contributed to the French Revolution. Review (French Revolution - Napoleon) Score: 1. Who would have been most likely to have read and agreed with the revolutionary ideas of the Enlightenment philosophers? Second Estate - The Second Estate was the French nobility. The First Estate was regarded highly in the social order. France had abolished its monarchy only to find itself under the rule of an emperor. Sept. 17, 2020. The first stage of the French Revolution was a moderate phase, when the absolutist monarchy was transformed into constitutional monarchy. Before the revolution, French society was divided into three estates or orders. Estates of the Realm and Taxation. Among them, First and Second Estates had 10 per cent of the total population and were the clergy and nobles. The king was not considered part of any estate. Let’s talk about the French revolution social hierarchy in more details with following levels: The Third Estate; The Second Estate; The First Estate; According to French Political … YES. Representative for the Second Estate was the estate of the nobility. Blog. To examine how the members of the Third Estate gained not only political but also economic and social power while the First and Second Estates lost power. The Austrian-born wife of the king of France during the French Revolution who was known for her extravagant spending. Test. Spell. – Moreover, the possession of privileges remained a hallmark of the nobility. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes They were very wealthy and enjoyed a carefree life. Their only grievance was the power that the First Estate held. And you can tell that the Third Estate, the commoners, in fact, is going to make up no less than 99% of the population. In France the revolutionary events ended the July Monarchy (1830–1848) and led to the creation of the French Second Republic.. Composition. Second Estate- NOBLES -made up 1.5% of the population -the richest of the nobility held top jobs in government, army, courts *Not required to pay taxes* Although the Second Estate was considered to be the nobility there were some that were poor, many had some wealth, and a few were filthy rich. 3. Tennis Court Oath, French Serment du Jeu de Paume, (June 20, 1789), dramatic act of defiance by representatives of the nonprivileged classes of the French nation (the Third Estate) during the meeting of the Estates-General (traditional assembly) at the beginning of the French Revolution. The nobles owned about 20% of the land and had many feudal privileges. Most of the people were members of the Third Estate. Religion was … The Third Estate … Having said that, there were certainly many nobles who either embraced the Revolution … Gravity. These groups were very unequal in size and power. As a representative of this estate… • The Third Estate, or the commoners of society, constituted the overwhelming majority of the French population. The First Estate included the clergy (church leaders), the Second Estate included the nobles, and the Third Estate included the commoners. It is difficult to give exact figures for this period, but it is estimated that the First Estate, the clergy, had around 170,000 members, the Second … The Third Estate paid most of the taxes and received few benefits. French Revolution Project 3. Willow_Watson3. French Revolution, revolutionary movement that shook France between 1787 and 1799 and reached its first climax there in 1789—hence the conventional term ‘Revolution of 1789,’ denoting the end of the ancien regime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of 1830 and 1848. STUDY. Sales trends: 10 ways to prepare for the future of sales; Sept. 16, 2020. Social Studies 20-1 – French Revolution - Notes iii. (b) French people were divided into three social classes or Estates – (i) the First Estate (Clergy), (ii) the Second Estate (nobility), (iii) the Third Estate (middle classes and peasant). The third estate, of course, had the best reason for revolution. The French Revolution Begins Wrld Hist 1 answer keys. Second Estate The second estate is made up of the nobility of France and make up 1% of the population. In France, there were three groups or estates of people. These were people who worked for the church including priests, monks, bishops, and nuns. 1. Write. The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. These people held most of the high offices in the land, got special … These included one Prince and seven Dukes from all over France. The nobility occupied most of the powerful … Under the Old Regime, the people of France belonged to one of three estates… Get an answer for 'How did the First, Second, and Third Estates impact the French Revolution?' On 26 August 1789, the Assembly published the Declaration of the Rights Second Estate: (400, 000 nobles) a. nobility (less than 2% of the population) b. enjoyed great wealth and privilege some were poor, but in defense of their traditional privileges would raise feudal taxes on the peasantry to compensate for rising prices. Of similar size, in terms of numbers, is The Second Estate or, The Nobility of 18th Century France. About 125,000 people in maybe 25,000 noble families. The Second Estate was a French social class that consisted of the nobility and the aristocracy, a mere 1.5% of the population. 2 French Revolution Background Third Estate … It is, however, a fair statement to say that the majority of the nobility were royalists and, of those who stayed, many were involved in the Counter-Revolution and other uprisings. PLAY. French Revolution xam idea class 9. ii) Division of French society: The French society was divided into three estates; first, second and third estates, respectively. This was the smallest estate in terms of population. Which of the following Estates had the largest population? For example, they were exempt from paying many taxes and were allowed to collect dues from the peasants. The first two Estates had many privileges and few responsibilities. The French Estates Before the French Revolution, the people of France were divided into social groups called "Estates." While French nobility aren’t a central part of French society today, the concept of noble titles and families didn’t completely die out after the Revolution. Flashcards. The French society was divided into three estates. A The aristocracy B The clergy C Middle class merchants, bankers, and lawyers D Uneducated peasants and labourers 2. , He was known as a weak "absolute monarch" who often listened to the wishes of the Second Estate- he lost his head-literally- during the French RevolutionLouis XIV (14)Louis XV (15)Louis XVI (16), This major … French Revolution Background Second Estate (cont.) Without the influence of all three estates, the French Revolution may have not ever happened. – Common to all nobles were tax exemptions, especially from the taille. The article I chose was the 4 th article which states that the freedom to do everything which injures no one else. One critical difference between the estates of the … The second estate makes up about 2% of the population and owned 25% of the land in France. The Second Estate were the men who held positions in … It accelerated the economic crisis. For revision podcasts on this topic visit http://www.mrallsophistory.com/ Again, about half of 1% of the total population. The first estate was the wealthiest one and only made up .5 percent of the population and owned 10 percent of the land, didn't pay taxes, and was made of clergy members of the church. There were roughly 120,000 people who were members of the noble families, less than one per cent of the population but together they owned between a quarter and a third the land in France… c. special courts d. many well paid offices reserved for nobles . And 130 families from the First Estate still living in France. The revolution significantly altered the French society. Cause of French RevolutionThe French Revolution was caused when King Louis XVI was taxing the Third Estates class but, not the frist or second estates class leaving them to get richer and richer. There were archbishops and bishops down to parish priests, monks, friars and nuns. 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